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From field to fabric

Jute is an annual single stemmed plant which grows to a height of 8 to 12ft.it is sown between mid- February and mid-May according to the rainfall and type of land and harvested between mid-June and September. The fibre formed out of jute is ordinarily white and pinkish in colour.Jute plants are ordinarily ready for harvesting in about four months after sowing. They are cut close to the ground and tied together in bundles.The first process is that of stripping in which the fibre which is situated in the outer layer of the stem, between the wood or the stick on the inside and cortex on the outside is extracted. After this the plants are steeped in running or stagnant water for 12/25 days to bring about a fermentation process which dissolves the soft tissue surrounding the fibre. The effect of this process, known as Retting, is that fibre can be easily separated from the stem.After stripping, the fibre is washed and then dried in the sun for two or three days. Once dried, it is made up into bundles for marketing. The manufacturing of jute cloth entails first the production of yarn and then the weaving of the yarn into different varieties of jute fabric.

The principal stages of manufacture are

Batching

the blending of fibre of varying qualities and grades in such a manner as to ensure that the different lots produced of each type of yarn are uniform in strength and colour. It also softens the fibre.

Preparing

A series of processes having the effect of straightening out the fibre into a continuous ribbon called sliver.

Spinning

This is the final stage of yarn production.

Winding

The yarn is then wound in cops which are used for future processing.

Finishing

The final operation of the manufacturing process is the packing of the cloth and the bags into bales and rolls for shipment.